Comparative metagenomics of microbial communities.
|Title||Comparative metagenomics of microbial communities.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Tringe SG, von Mering C, Kobayashi A, Salamov AA, Chen K, Chang HW, Podar M, Short JM, Mathur EJ, Detter JC, Bork P, Hugenholtz P, Rubin EM|
|Journal||Science (New York, N.Y.)|
|Date Published||2005 Apr 22|
|Keywords||Animals, Archaea, Bacteria, Bacterial Proteins, Biodiversity, Biofilms, Bone and Bones, Computational Biology, Ecosystem, Energy Metabolism, Eukaryotic Cells, Gene Library, Genes, Genes, Bacterial, Genome, Genome, Bacterial, Genomics, Molecular Sequence Data, Operon, Phylogeny, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Proteins, Proteome, Seawater, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Soil Microbiology, Whales|
The species complexity of microbial communities and challenges in culturing representative isolates make it difficult to obtain assembled genomes. Here we characterize and compare the metabolic capabilities of terrestrial and marine microbial communities using largely unassembled sequence data obtained by shotgun sequencing DNA isolated from the various environments. Quantitative gene content analysis reveals habitat-specific fingerprints that reflect known characteristics of the sampled environments. The identification of environment-specific genes through a gene-centric comparative analysis presents new opportunities for interpreting and diagnosing environments.