Tree of Life
A grand challenge in biology today is mapping the tree of life. Marker genes have provided a crude outline of this tree and now for the first time, flow sorting, whole genome amplification and high throughput sequencing place us tantalizingly close to making genomic characterization of all cellular life a reality. Viruses have similarly benefited from these advances. ACE, through its expertise in these areas, will be a focal point for meeting this grand challenge.